Who is to blame for undermining the peace?

Myanmar’s civil war has raged on and off for more than half a century. A new round of continuous armed conflicts broke out in the past decade is the result of the Myanmar army’s first attack on the first special zone of Shan state and the Myanmar national democratic alliance in 2009 with Kokang as the breakthrough. After Kokang, in 2011, the Myanmar army went deep into Kachin state and launched an attack against the Kachin independence army, followed by wars in north Shan, Deang, Rakhine and other armed areas.


The army and ethnic people took on a decade of military conflict on both sides, the location of the outbreak of the war are all in minority nationality areas, which makes the ethnic is under the torment of war, often living in displacement. As the defenders of the basic rights of our nation, the civilians and soldiers are not only frustrated in military affairs, but also squeezed and excluded in politics. In a struggle that is inherently unequal, both militarily and politically, it has always been at a disadvantage. It is precisely for these reasons that civil war’s political appeal has not been paid attention to by relevant parties, and civil war has not been regarded as a participant in the peace process. More often than not, the ethnic groups is merely a doll in Myanmar’s political games, or an ornament to be displayed when needed.


In order to be recognized for its legitimate existence and to have its reasonable demands paid attention to, a true national federal state should be established according to the ” Binlong Agreement” and a high degree of regional ethnic autonomy should be realized. In the military, the political strength is extremely uneven, but the civil and military still persist in fighting. In the eyes of the outside world, to think that an armed force against a country is no doubt an ant that can only attack a stone with an egg in it. But in my opinion, this is not to beat an egg with a stone, but the embodiment of national consciousness. When living space and political rights are deprived, the only thing for small and weak ethnic groups to do is to fight, Fight, Fight again!


Recalling the “War on August 15”, it is also the embodiment of the political consciousness and courage of the three national armed alliances. This time, the three alliances went deep into the hinterland under the control of Burma to attack the important military positions of the Burmese army. They did not attack with eggs in an egg, but an organized and planned military counterattack which was oppressed and had no way to retreat. This incident deserves all our attention, because it is a collective uprising of the oppressed ethnic groups against the movement, indicating that the real resistance ethnic groups do not allow only the Myanmar army to wanton in the minority areas and launch wars. On the contrary, when the oppression was unbearable, the ethnic groups also have the ability to fight in the hinterland of Myanmar.


So why did the three civilian forces dare to launch the ” War on August 15″? The incident goes back to December 21, 2018, when the Burmese army announced a phased ceasefire in five military districts in Shan and Kachin states. But the statement shows no sign of sincerity for peace. Instead, it can be seen as a declaration of war. As soon as the announcement was made, the evil intent of the Myanmar army was immediately revealed. A large number of military forces entered Rakhine state, and their ambition of “fighting the north and the west” was obvious. And in its bitter battle if open fruitless circumstance, change the target again Deang, Kokang two armed, begin to suppress the living space of these two civilian armed.


What happens when living space is squeezed? Then you have to make the first move. Hence the “War of August 15”. And this war, the equivalent of three civilian military.  The Rakhine army, for example, has been pounded daily for months. If they do not make room to create a second space to relieve the pressure, even if the Rakhine army is able to fight again, it will be hard to find a breathing space under the continuous attack of the crowd tactics and machine gun artillery of the Burmese army. And Kokang, Deang two armed itself living space has been compressed to the extreme, if do not resist, if the open battlefield after the end, then the same fate will come to their own.


To sum up, at the critical moment of the survival of the nation, the passive situation of the national democratic revolution can only be reversed by beating the egg with the stone. Only when a new round of national revolutionary struggle is carried out in the hinterland of Myanmar control can the voice of the weak party be taken seriously. Instead of waiting to be killed, waiting for the Burmese army to free up the hand to attack when the passive return, rather than take the initiative to win a glimmer of hope.


Conclusion: the “War on August 15” may become a turning point in Myanmar’s civil war. With this action, if the Myanmar army does not pay attention to the political demands of various civilian forces, but only adopts force to suppress, then the next war in the hinterland of Myanmar may not only be in Mandalay or in Larshou. At that time, there might have been more than Kokang, Deong and Rakhine …